What is a hotel business plan?

A hotel business plan is a formal document that provides a detailed roadmap for a hotel project, outlining everything from its goals and target market to the products and services it will offer, marketing strategies, and financial projections.

Hotel business plans are important tools for starting a new hotel business because they establish credibility and provide blueprints for achieving profitability and success over the long term.

By creating a business plan, you can ensure that you have a clear understanding of what you need to do to achieve your goals and how to make your hotel project a success.

In this blog, we’ll run through why it’s so important to have a good plan in place, what you need to include in it, and how to get started on your business plan with ease.

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Why do you need a hotel business plan?

Working things out as you go might be okay when you’re putting together flat-pack furniture or starting a new hobby, but a hotel business is an entirely different matter. Having a business plan in place is a no-brainer. There are many reasons to set aside a little time and get started on a plan.

It can help you:

  • Work out whether you even want to go ahead with your idea
  • Decide what you need to push forward with your hotel business
  • Persuade business partners to work with you
  • Gain confidence and prove to yourself that your business is feasible
  • Get more control over your business and prioritise the recipes for success
  • Evaluate whether you’re where you want to be at different points down the track

Most of all, a business plan will help you make better decisions as you grow your business. Research shows that having a business plan could help your business grow 30% faster and protect against business failure. 

Starting your hotel business plan

The main message here is to simply make a start. Don’t just read this blog, agree a plan is a great idea, and vaguely consider writing it at some stage. 

Take the first step now. You can even start jotting down points as you read through the 4 most important parts of a hotel business plan:

Executive summary and overview

The executive summary and overview are at the start of a business plan but are often easier to write towards the end of the process.

This section is short and sweet; generally only one or two pages. It’s often the only part people read, so give it the attention it deserves.

Get to the point quickly, setting out:

  1. Your vision: For Disney it was to “make people happy” while for Instagram it was to “capture and share the world’s moments.” What’s your aspirational, big-picture vision for your small business?
  2. Your mission: This describes, in a sentence or paragraph, the very reason your property exists today: what guests does it cater to and how does it satisfy guest expectations?
  3. Your goals: Describe here your main business objectives and when you are hoping to achieve them. Make them measurable, such as achieving a 90% occupancy rate and 25% increase in website leads within two years.

Here, you also have the opportunity to capture your brand identity, the colours, logo, font and design that communicate what your business is all about. 

Remember, this is the most important part of your plan. Once you’ve written it, ask yourself these two questions: 

  • Does it capture your excitement and enthusiasm?
  • Is it persuasive and engaging? 

If not, put in a little extra work. You really want to capture your idea here and create something that will help you with the big (and little) decisions going forward.

Hotel industry, market, and competitor analysis

Take a broad look at the industry, gain a clear understanding of the market and your competition and set out why customers will come to your hotel rather than another one down the road.

Start with an industry analysis

Your hotel business is part of the broader hospitality and tourism industries. Do a little research on the issues and trends affecting these sectors? How are things like technology, the economy, politics, environmental issues and global health issues impacting hotels – particularly those that are similar to yours? Are there any red flags?

Next, hone in on your competitors

Who are your competitors? Focus especially on your direct, local competitors. What are they doing right, and wrong? 

You also need to build a clear picture of your ideal guests. Who are the people your hotel caters to? Will it be families from the city with younger children who need a break? Or cashed-up couples looking for a cosy retreat? Try to include as much information as possible, from education levels to personality, lifestyle and purchasing habits.

This competitor and guest deep dive leads you straight into one of the most important questions your business plan should answer.

What is your unique selling point (USP)? That is, what makes you different from your competitors? Why would that point of difference sway guests to choose you over your competition? What really makes your accommodation stand out from the crowd?

Hotel’s services and amenities

This section of your plan narrows the focus and puts your hotel in the spotlight. It’s a summary of the key services and amenities that will be offered, and builds a detailed picture of what it might be like to stay at your hotel.

When building this list, think about including:

  • Your hotel’s location (In the tropics? A pool might be top of the list.)
  • Your ideal guests’ dietary needs (Catering to a fit bunch? A healthy breakfast menu might be a must.) 
  • Your ideal guests’ views on sustainability (Can you incorporate sustainability into your policies?)
  • Your ideal guests’ budget (Will they be more likely to book if you have a clear and generous cancellation and refund policy?)
  • Your ideal guests’ social media activity (Will an “Insta” booth at check-in excite your guests and fit in with your social media marketing strategy?)
  • Your hotel’s physical scope and characteristics (Is there a huge room you could offer out as a conference venue to create an additional income stream?)

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Business operations, management, and marketing 

Outlining how your hotel will function and make money from day to day is another important consideration. It should cover these four key areas:

Hotel Operations

The area of operations is about having the right people and putting in place the right processes. 

Create a list of key tasks and responsibilities and work out whether you’ll need to outsource anything. Will you need to employ or contract someone to help? Will you need to train yourself up in an area so you can cover some of the responsibilities? 

What policies and manuals will you need to create? How will you set up processes around managing people, suppliers, service standards and inventory? 

Hotel Marketing

Your marketing strategy is a plan to help you reach the right people at the right time with the right message. Think carefully about these three things: who you’re trying to reach, when you should be reaching them and the message that you’re trying to put in front of those people.

To get the word out, some options to consider are:

  • Advertising with traditional and digital channels
  • Creating a loyalty program
  • Content marketing
  • Social media
  • Email marketing
  • Online reviews
  • Search engine optimisation (SEO).

To create the most effective marketing strategy, also take a look at what your competitors are doing and lean into digital marketing , which can be a fast, effective and affordable way to grow your business. 

Hotel Distribution

Your distribution strategy outlines how you will sell and manage your rooms, whether that’s through your own website, third party websites, or through a traditional travel agent. 

You need to decide how to best sell your rooms, from both a financial and operational view. Remember, hiccups like double bookings can cause ripples that impact your guests’ experience and your business. Consider a channel manager as part of your distribution plan to streamline things and avoid those pesky hiccups.

Hotel revenue and pricing

At the end of the day your business needs to be profitable (or at least break even!) to exist, so you need to aim to keep your business in the green.

Put some thought into the types of rooms you have to sell and setting your price points. Also cover things like offers and discounts, cancellation and refund policies, payment options and rate parity.

Keys to your hotel’s financial business plan

Here, you’ll need to dig into the specifics of how much money you’ll need to set up the business (capital investment), how you’ll keep it running at a profit, and your projected return on investment (ROI).

Topics to cover include:

  • Your chosen business structure (partnership or company, for example?)
  • Your business model
  • Start-up and ongoing costs and budgets
  • Managing the books, accounting and tax 
  • Necessary insurance and permits
  • Critical suppliers and partnerships.

These areas can be complex, so consider getting a professional on board when putting together this part of your plan.

Hotel business plan: Next steps

Remember, the first step in turning your business dreams into reality is putting it in writing – in the form of a business plan.

If you’re feeling overwhelmed, take it section by section and start with the part you find easiest to tackle first. 

Once your hotel business plan is complete, use it to:

  • Create a list of specific goals and tasks that need to be achieved and completed to get your idea off the ground.
  • Prioritise the things on your action plan and set clear timeframes.
  • Bring on board any people you need to take responsibility for things on your plan.

Keep in mind that as your business idea develops, or your business continues to grow, you may need to tweak and update your business plan.

It’s even useful to review the plan at set intervals of say six months or a year, so you can get an idea of who you’re tracking and look at your goals. Are they still goals that you are working towards? Or do you need to change them to better reflect where you’d like to be?

Another thing to keep in mind as you prepare your plan and put it into action is the power of hotel technology, which can truly transform your business, make day-to-day operations easier and boost revenue.

By Dean Elphick

Dean is the Senior Content Marketing Specialist of Little Hotelier, the all-in-one software solution purpose-built to make the lives of small accommodation providers easier. Dean has made writing and creating content his passion for the entirety of his professional life, which includes more than six years at Little Hotelier. Through content, Dean aims to provide education, inspiration, assistance, and, ultimately, value for small accommodation businesses looking to improve the way they run their operations (and live their life).